Chicago Architecture Info

Trump International Hotel and Tower

401 North Wabash, Chicago

Address 401 North Wabash Avenue, Chicago, Illinois 60601
Also known as Trump Tower Chicago
Built 2005-2009
Developer Donald Trump
Architecture firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill
Cost $847,000,000
Types
  • Hotel
  • Residential
  • Retail
  • Skyscraper
Floors above grade 92
Extra floor 14M
Floors below grade two
Height to roof 1,125 feet
Height to mechanical penthouse roof 1,170 feet
Height to top of spire 1,362 feet
Net site area 74,986 square feet
Floor area ratio 26.0
Floor area 2,600,000 square feet
Retail space 94,000 square feet
Residences at the time of opening 486
Maximum permitted residences 500
Hotel rooms at the time of opening 286
Permitted parking spaces 962
Land cost $73,000,000
Concrete 180,000 cubic yards weighing 720,000,000 pounds
Loading docks 8
  • This was formerly the location of the Chicago Sun-Times Building.
  • The tower was originally designed to have 461 condominiums and 227 combination hotel rooms and condominiums.
  • This building was originally intended to have 96 floors. It ended up with 92.
  • According to the Chicago Tribune, SOM built about 50 models of the building before getting the design it wanted.
  • According to the Chicago Tribune, Donald Trump bought the $28,000,000 14,000 square-foot 89th floor penthouse for his personal use.
  • This was the first major building in Chicago to have its own dog run.
  • At the time of its completion, this was the largest reinforced concrete building in North America.
  • This building is made of concrete instead of steel to reduce sway and maximize window space.
  • When this building was built, the freight railroad tracks that delivered rolls of newspaper to the old Chicago Sun-Times building were preserved so the city might some day make a passenger rail link between Michigan Avenue, Union Station and the Ogilvie Transportation Center in the West Loop. There is a reference to a light rail stop at this location in the building's zoning documents.
  • The hotel uniforms were designed by Ivanka Trump.
  • Unlike most buildings in Chicago, when the zoning was passed for this skyscraper, no limit was set on the number of hotel rooms it could contain.
  • There are green roofs on levels 16, 29, and 51.
  • This building's setbacks were designed to help it fit in with its surroundings. The first setback is the same height at the Wrigley Building. The second setback is the same height as Marina City. The third setback is the same height as what was then IBM Plaza.
  • The building's mullions are spaced to correspond to the patterns in the facade of the Wrigley Building.
  • This building's facade is required to be at least 70% glass.
  • This building's facade is required to be at least 15% shiny or reflective metal.
  • The metal elements of this building's facade are required to extend at least six inches outward from neighboring glass in order to create a variety of shadows, and at least 65% of those metal elements must be vertical.
  • It was proposed that a floating walkway be built to link this building's river plaza with the Wrigley Building.
  • The City of Chicago requires that the spire at the top of this building be illuminated to enhance the city skyline.
  • This building is required to have at least one automobile parking space for each residence.
December 2001 The initial artists sketch of the Trump Tower Chicago was unveiled. People found it bland.
July 2002 A revised plan was presented to the public. It received better reviews.
January 22 2004 In a plan to adjust to changing economic realities, the design was changed so that floors 17 through 26 were converted from offices to condominiums and hotel rooms.
October 15, 2004 The last newspaper employees moved out of the old Chicago Sun-Times Building to make way for the new Trump International Hotel and Tower.
October 15, 2004 Donald Trump purchased the last piece of the property he needed to move forward with this project. The total paid for the land was $73,000,000.
Mayor Richard M. Daley convinced Donald Trump to put the spire back into the plans for this tower.
February 2005 WGN Television reported that the top floor condominium in this building sold for $28,000,000.
February 23, 2005 WGN Television reported that Donald Trump decided to increase the height of the spire to make this the tallest skyscraper in North America. The Chicago Tribune carries a more complete story the next day, stating that the new Trump spire design could top 1,484 feet, taking the world's second-tallest title away from the Petronas Towers in Malaysia.
March 17, 2005 Construction officially began on this building.
October 2, 2005 The concrete for the foundation mat arrived in what was called the “Big Pour.” Dozens of trucks worked continuously for almost 24 hours to pour 5,000 cubic yards of wet concrete into an area 66 feet wide, 200 feet long, and 10 feet deep. This created an underground anchor for the building. The concrete was mixed to withstand 10,000 pounds of pressure per square inch.
January 30, 2008 The hotel portion of this building opened for business.
February 1, 2008 Construction reached the 60th floor.
April 28, 2008 The official opening ceremony was held.
August 16, 2008 This building topped off.
September 23, 2008 Donald Trump and his immediate family participated in a topping off ceremony for this building.
December 13, 2008 After weeks of delays, a helicopter attempted to lift a piece of the building's spire into place. The operation was cancelled due to high winds.
January 3, 2009 After weeks of weather delays, the first pieces of the spire were successfully lifted into place.
January 7, 2009 The spire was completed.
April 2009 Scheduled completion date.
May 5, 2009 The final piece of the building's spire was put in place.
August 10, 2009 The tower crane was removed from this site.
April 2, 2010 The city approved a request to add 59 “daily rental spa suites,” which increased the total number of hotel rooms in this building to 339.
June 23, 2010 The building's spire was illuminated for the first time.
June 2014 Chicago was sent into a tizzy when 20-foot-tall letters spelling out “TRUMP” were added to the side of this building. Chicago was unaccustomed to building branding in the modern age, but this was a precedent set a decade earlier by Chase in The Loop. Still, the 2,891-square-foot TRUMP sign was facing the Chicago River at a height that made it loom over one of the city's most prominent locations, causing much consternation in the press. Politicians vowed to keep it from happening again, but in the end bowed to the promise of money and wrote ordinances that actually encourage companies to put brands on buildings.